A country's heritage includes all traces of human activity in the physical environment. These are irreplaceable information on people's lives and activities and on the historical development of crafts, techniques and art. The heritage of Dhaka marks its difference with other cultures of the world and at the same time it also imposes individuality to the country of Bangladesh. It shows the country's tradition, development and also helps us to form an idea about its future.
The music and dance of Dhaka may be divided into three categories: namely classical, folk, and the modern. The classical style has been influenced by the prevalent classical forms of dance and music of the Indian subcontinent. Several dancing styles are in vogue in the north – eastern part of Indian subcontinent, like Monipuri and Santal dances. They are also practiced in Bangladesh, but Bangladesh has developed its own dancing style.
The folk and tribal music and dance forms of Bangladesh are of indigenous origin and are deeply rooted in the soil of Bangladesh. The folk songs of Bangladesh have a rich tradition with lyrics rooted into vibrant tradition and spirituality, mysticism and devotion. The theme of such songs revolves around several themes although the major theme is the love theme. The prevalent tradition of folk songs and music includes: Bhatiali, Baul, Marfati, Murshidi and Bhawaiya. Lyricists like Lalon Shah, Hason Raja, Kangal Harinath, Romesh Shill, Abbasuddin and many unknown anonymous lyricists have enriched the folk tradition of Bangladesh. Several instruments of indigenous origin are used by these folk singers. Some of them being: bamboo flute (banshi), drums (dole), a single stringed instrument named ektara, a four stringed instrument called dotara, a pair of metal bawls for rhythm effect called mandira.
In modern context Rabindra Sangeet and Nazrul geeti forms a precious cultural heritage of Bangladesh. Western influence has given rise to a number of rock bands that are functional mostly in the urban area of Dhaka. Drama remains popular in Bangladesh, including performances of plays by local playwrights as well as adaptations from the west. Jatra or a folk drama also forms a part of the heritage of Dhaka.
Handicrafts and cottage industries play an important part in retaining the heritage of Dhaka. The most prominent handicrafts of the early and middle ages were textiles, metal works, jewelry, wood works, cane and bamboo works, clay and pottery. 'Nakshi Katha' or embroidered quilt is said to be the indigenous of the heritage of Bangladesh. The rural women put together pieces of old clothes and stitch them together to be used in winter. Although they have a utilitarian aspect but the nakshi katha now serves a decorative purpose also. The jamdani and moslin forms a significant aspect of the heritage of Dhaka. Jamdani was once world famous for its artistic and expensive ornamental fabric. Moslin, a fine and artistic type of cloth was also well – known worldwide.
Dhaka also maintains a heritage of secularism. Poila Baishakh, Id – e – Milaunnabi, Id – ul – Fitr, Muharram, Durga Puja and Christmas are all celebrated in Dhaka with equal zeal and energy. It also celebrates Rabindra and Nazrul Jayanti. This heritage of cultural and religious tolerance is maintained in Dhaka till date.
countriesandcapitals provides you with complete information about Bangladesh and its capital city, Dhaka.